The Fall of the Proton: Why Acids React With Bases
This resource, intended for a college-level introductory chemistry course, explains why acids react with bases. It discusses free energy, proton sources, proton sinks, the leveling effect, dissociation, thermal excitation, titration, pH, and equilibrium. It includes a diagram of acid-base pairs plotted on an energy scale that measures the free energy released when one mole of protons is transferred from a given acid to water. It is excerpted from Stephen Lower's digital textbook chapter "Acid-base equilibria and calculations".
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Higher education
Stephen Lower, Dept. of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University